Héctor Vásquez Santibáñez1-2; Ingrid Fernández Carvajal1-3; Karyn Alba Sobarzo4; Claudia Barrios Marín4; Oscar Contreras Ramos4 & Bárbara Huerta Valenzuela4
La correspondencia debe dirigirse a Héctor Vásquez Santibáñez. Email: email@example.com
Recibido el 15 de Enero del 2020. Aceptado el 24 de Febrero de 2020
VÁSQUEZ, H.; FERNÁNDEZ, I.; ALBA, K.; BARRIOS, C.; CONTRERAS, O. & HUERTA, B. Maternal perception of nutritional condition in students of 5 to 6 years old belonging to special education facilities from the city of Arica. J. health med. sci., 6(1):51-56, 2020.
ABSTRACT: Obesity corresponds to the abnormal accumulation of fat, negative situations for health. In childhood, it is an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, etc. In Chile, its prevalence has increased over the years reaching 24.4% in children of the first basic year in 2018. Studies indicate that the discrimination of the maternal perception of the child’s body image could be a risk factor for the development of childhood obesity that depends on the eating habits that the child acquires. The society and culture in which the individual develops also plays a fundamental role. The objective of the study was to analyze the maternal perception of the body image on the real nutritional status of the child with special educational needs. The research has an observational and transversal design. The study was conducted in 60 students between 5 and 6 years old belonging to 5 special education establishments in the city of Arica. A questionnaire was applied to the mothers about their perception of the nutritional status of their children through silhouettes and concepts, then weight and height were evaluated in schoolchildren. A prevalence of 38.3% of excess malnutrition was observed in the sample of schoolchildren with special educational needs. In addition, it is highlighted that 71.7% of the mothers were able to recognize the concept that corresponds to the actual nutritional status of their child, while 46.6% identified it through the use of silhouettes. We concluded that mothers with an altered maternal perception of the nutritional status of schoolchildren show a tendency to perceive their child as overweight or obese when it is in the normal category.
KEY WORDS: obesity, maternal perception, special education, body image, BMI.
Dirección para correspondencia:
Héctor Vásquez Santibáñez
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud
Universidad de Tarapacá
Avenida 18 de Septiembre Nº 2222